John Hodgkinson was born about 1615 in Preston, Lancashire County, England. Preston is located along the Irish Sea coast, near the mouth of the River Ribble, on the northwest side of England, 25 miles north of Liverpool.
Preston was already a very old town when John was born. It gained its name sometime in the dark ages, just after the Romans left and before 500 AD. The name PRESTON, meaning "Priest Town" is said to come from its being owned at one time by Monks. In 1322 the Scots army of Robert Bruce set fire to the town, and later the town was a major battlefield in the Civil war between the Royalists and Parliamentarian forces.
There were many Hodgkinsons in and around Preston in the 14th through the 16th centuries. Their place of origin isn’t known, but given the history of Preston, it was no doubt in central or northern Europe; some have said they came from Norway. A number of Hodgkinsons are mentioned in the history of the area. Some were active in the history of Preston in both its political and industrial evolution. In 1572, a James Hodgkinson ran for Parliamentary Election. Later several Hodgkinsons were elected and held posts as Mayors and bailiffs.
In 1662, a James Hodgkinson was mayor during a Guild meeting and celebration, a major event lasting several weeks that was held about every 20 years. The Guild represented and controlled the working people, businesses and trades, something on the order of a department of labor.
In the records of the Lurgan Monthly Meeting, County Armagh, Ireland, the marriage of John Hodgkinson and Anne is recorded as having taken place in 1635. The Lurgan Monthly Meeting was established in 1705. Since the births of their children occurred in Preston, Lancashire County, England, it is likely that the marriage also occurred there.
They had two children, Elenear and our ancestor, John Jr.
John Hodgkinson, Jr. was born on February 15, 1651, in Lancashire County, England. He was a butcher by trade. John married Mary Birchall on April 13, 1678, in St. Johns Parish. Mary was born about 1657 in Lancashire County.
John and Mary had three known children. Thomas, who was born on February 1, 1679, James, born on August 14, 1681, and Elizabeth born in March of 1683. Unfortunately James and Elizabeth died very young and at nearly the same time, James on October 26, 1689, and Elizabeth on November 1, 1689, just 6 days apart.
Their surviving child, Thomas, was our ancestor.
Thomas Hoskinson, Sr.
Thomas was born on February 1, 1679, in Lancashire County, England. He died about 1743/1744 in Rock Creek Parish, Prince Georges County, Maryland.
At the time that Thomas migrated to Maryland, the Preston area was undergoing some difficult times, no doubt influencing his decision to leave for America. The fate of his parents is unknown; they may have died before Thomas left.
Thomas was the first of the Hoskins family to arrive here, stating in a 1730 court petition that "I came into his Lordships Country, Maryland in 1700 and worked four years for a gentleman at the head of Biords (Birds) Creek in St. Marys County". This was no doubt on a tobacco plantation of the times.
Thomas left Liverpool, England as an indentured servant some time in 1699 aboard the ship Eleanor, mastered by Mr. Nicholas Reynolds. Thomas was bound to Mr. William Porter, a merchant of Liverpool. He had signed aboard ship on January 20, 1699, at the age of 19, just 11 days before his 20th birthday.
There were two groups of passengers on this voyage, the first group of 30 signed on to go to Virginia. The second group of 20, which included Thomas and all others apprenticed to William Porter, signed on in January and February of 1699 to make the voyage to Virginia or to Maryland. It is not known when the ship sailed. The passenger lists were started in September and ended in February, but it may have been days, weeks or even months before the ship actually left port. It would have taken three months or more for them to complete the voyage.
As was the custom in those days, immigrants to the New World who could not afford the cost of passage often sold their services to someone else under an indentured servant contract. This was usually for four years, but many were for longer periods of time. In Thomas' case, Mr. William Porter no doubt resold his services to the Gentleman on Birds Creek who in turn paid his passage to Maryland. After arriving there, Thomas was obligated to work out a four-year indenture to pay for his voyage. In many cases, the sponsors of indentured passengers received fifty acres of land in payment for bringing new settlers to the Colonies.
These indentured immigrants, by today's standards were virtual slaves who worked for food and shelter, and at the end of their contract period may or may not have been given a few dollars in pay and let go on their way.
After serving their indenture though, they too were entitled to 50 acres of land. Before gaining title they were first required to settle and live on it, pay the surveyor’s and clerk’s fees and any other costs connected to it. Many had no resources do this, but those who did got their start in the New World.
Thomas came over under the name of Hodgkinson, as it was a common precursor of the name of Hoskinson in England at the time. There were many Hodgkinsons in Lancashire County, England, but only a scattered few in Maryland at the time Thomas arrived there.
Thomas married Jane Moore, daughter of James Moore Sr. and Mary (last name unknown), about 1708 in Rock Creek Parish, Prince Georges County, Maryland. Jane was born about 1686 in Prince Georges County, Maryland.
On May 9, 1720, Thomas Hoskinson Senior, received a Warrant for 100 acres of land called "Hoskinsons Folly" from James Beale, near Bladensburg in Prince George County. On September 14, 1722, Thomas Hoskinson received a land deed for "Hoskinsons Folly" from Charles the 2nd Absolute Lord Proprietary of the Province of Maryland and Avalon, Lord Barron of Baltimore, and James Beale.
In the April 1742 Court, George Atwood sued Thomas Hoskinson, a planter, for debt. This was an extensive case that dated back to 1736 and 1738. At that time, Thomas had been dealing with John Hoopes a Merchant in Ireland to whom he had given bills of exchange as merchants did in those days, this was for the benefit of George Atwood. These bills were refused and were not accepted, something on the order of today’s bad checks. Thomas promised to make them good but later refused to do so and was taken to court by Atwood. Thomas was ordered to pay to Atwood thirty pounds sterling and three hundred sixty eight pounds of tobacco in costs and damages.
The last mention of Thomas Hoskinson Sr. was on a June 1743, court petition for permission to apply to the next General Assembly for “relief from his miserable prison confinement”. It isn’t clear as to when Thomas was put in prison, but probably resulted from one or more of the several bad business dealings that he had with his creditors. A verbatim copy of this petition is as follows:
“Thomas Hoskinson proffers to the Court here the following petition Viz: To the Worshipful Justices of Prince George County Court now in counsel sitting the humble petition of Thomas Hoskinson Senior and humbly sheweth that whereas your petitioner at this time a languishing prisoner in this County Goal in the custody of John Hepburn Esq. for debts which your poor petitioner is in no capacity by any ways to pay and your poor petitioner having a wife and family who must inevitably be obliged to be troublesome to your Worships for a maintenance. Except your poor petitioner were at liberty to gain support for them and upon whom they absolutely depend for maintenance. And your petitioner having been an inhabitant of this County upwards of forty years and behaving himself with probity and honesty to all men, being now misfortune and weekness of old age brought to this calamity, most humbly beseecheth your Worships of your great goodness and lenicy to such unfortunate persons to take his case into your consideration and grant him your certificate of permission to apply to the next General Assembly for relief from this miserable confinemant and your Petitioner as is duty bound shall ever pray.”
Thomas and Mary had eight children. Our ancestor was the second child, Thomas Jr.
Thomas HOSKINSON Jr.
Thomas Jr. was born about 1712 in Rock Creek Parish, Prince Georges County, Maryland where he married Ann Beale on March 25, 1740. Ann was born in 1722 in Rock Creek Parish. Their dates and places of death are unknown.
Thomas Junior was listed in Court records when he sued to collect a debt from a Thomas Butler for whom he had built a tobacco barn in 1742/43.
Thomas and Ann had seven children. The sixth, Thomas Hoskins, Sr., is our ancestor.
Thomas HOSKINS Sr.
Thomas Sr. was born about 1750/1755. He died before 1820 in Harlan County, Kentucky. He married Anna (last name unknown). Anna was born about 1770.
There is much disagreement among Hoskins family researchers as to the existence and placement of this Thomas Hoskins. However, for our purposes of gaining a general view of the history of our family, we will include him here.
In Knox County, on October 28, 1818, a John and Ruth Hoskins signed as witnesses a deed of transfer of fifty acres of land from Thomas Hoskins, Sr. to Thomas Hoskins, Jr. for the sum of $100. The land was located at Hoskins Ford that is near the present-day Bell/Harlan Co. line in the area of Pathfork/Hulen, off of state road 119. Thomas Hoskins Sr. operated a horse ferry at Hoskins Ford on the Cumberland River.
“I do hereby certify that the forgoing Indenture of Bargain and Sale was presented before me on this the 15th day of January 1819 to be the act and deed of the Said Thomas Hoskins Senior by the testimony of James Claghorn and John Hoskins the two subscribing witnesses there to and a copy of the same is truly admitted to record in the Clerks Office of the County Court aforesaid. Given under my hand this 7th day of February 1819.
James Ballinger K. C.”
“This Indenture made this Twenty Eighth Day of October One Thousand Eight hundred and Eighteen Between Thomas Hoskins Senior and Thomas Hoskins Junior Both of the County of Knox Witnesseth that for and in consideration of the Sum of One hundred Dollars to him in hand paid Witness that Thomas Hoskins Snr doth Bargain Sell and Conferrs unto Thomas Hoskins Jnr a certain Tract or parcel of Land Containing fifty acres Be the same More or Less Being on the North Side of Cumberland River Beginning as follows to wit, Beginning at the Hoskins Ford and Running down said River to a Sugar tree at the mouth of a Branch known By Fulks old Sugarcamp. Thence due North to a Stake thence with the meanders of the Same to the Beginning. With all the appurtenances of the above (?) to him the Said Thomas Hoskins Snr. Doth warrant and Defend said tract as parcel of Land given him self (or soly ?) his heirs and assigns for Ever and the presents of the same as witness my hand and Seal the Date above written (?) in the presence of the Subscribing Wittnesses .
Signed James Claghorn Signed Thomas Hoskins [Seal]
Signed John Hoskins”
This document is very difficult to read in places. It appears that the very first portion is to verify that the signature and seal match that at the bottom of the document. One surprising aspect of this deed is that everyone appears to have signed his/her actual name. No marks are indicated in the document. This deed was drawn up October 28, 1818, but was not recorded into the deed book until the following year on February 7, 1819.
Thomas and Anna had four sons. Levi, the youngest, is our ancestor.
Levi was born in 1794/1795. He died after September, 1878/1880 in, Knox County, Kentucky. He married Sarah "Sallie" Miracle, daughter of Frederick Miracle Sr. and Anna Eva (last name unknown), on June 20, 1816 in Knox County (http://www.angelfire.com/ky2/southeastconnections/page121.html). Sallie was born about 1796 in Virginia. She died after June, 1880, in Knox County.
Levi's age varies from census to census. The 1820 Harlan Co census lists his age as between 18-25 [1795-1802]. Subsequent census information indicates that he was born about 1794 to 1795. In the 1850 Knox Co census he states that he doesn't know where he was born. He makes the same claim in the 1860 Knox Co census. This is in part due to Tennessee not becoming a state until 1796, after his birth. The area of Tennessee that he was born in was ceded b y North Carolina to the Federal Government in 1790, so it was no longer North Carolina when Levi was born and not yet Tennessee.
The Last Will and Testament of Levi Hoskins
“In the name of God. Amen. I Levi Hoskins of the County of Knox and State of Kentucky, knowing that all men have to die and being advanced in years but of sound and disposing mind do hereby make the following as my last will and testament.
To my sons John Hoskins, Levi Hoskins and Abijah Hoskins I give at my death the farm upon which I live to be equally divided between them or at their death between their heirs.
To my daughters Mary Pursifull and her heirs, Rebecca Turner and her heirs, Jane King and her heirs and to the children of Nancy Coffman deceased, I give all the ballance (sic) of my estate of whatever it may consist either money property or debts or dues of any kind whatsoever and I hereby empower my sons John Hoskins and Levi Hoskins to divid (sic) said personal property and money between my said above mentioned daughters as I don't wish any sale of my property after my death, and the death of my wife Sallie Hoskins.
To my two sons James Hoskins and William Hoskins and my daughter Sallie Hinkle I have heretofor (sic) given them what I consider their equal part with the ballance (sic).
I hereby constitute and appoint my sons John Hoskins and Levi my executors to carry this my last will and testament into effect. My sons in law and my daughters in law has no part in my estate. Given under my own hand this 12th day of October 1863.
(signed) Levi X Hoskins
Wm. Tuggle Mark
Joseph H. Davis
Levi and Sallie had twelve children. The second, James B., is our ancestor.
James B. was born on May 11, 1817 in Knox County, Kentucky. He died on April 8, 1893, and was buried in Hoskins Cemetery #8, Bell County, Kentucky.
James married Nancy Catherine Green, daughter of William Green and Nancy Agnes McGeorge, in 1841 in Harlan County, Kentucky. Nancy was born on November 26, 1822 in Tanyard Hill, Harlan County. She died on August 3, 1903, and was buried in Hoskins Cemetery #8, Bell County, Kentucky. (Nancy’s father, William Green, was the son of Lewis Green & Esther Kilgore.)
James and Nancy had five children. The third, Caroline, is our ancestor.
Caroline was born in 1845 in Harlan County, Kentucky. She married Daniel Green, son of Lewis Green III and Telitha Letitia Arnett, on September 12, 1867 in Harlan County, Kentucky. Daniel was born about 1846 in Harlan County. (Caroline’s mother was also her husband’s cousin.)
Daniel and Caroline had five children, Sara, born about 1867, John, born about 1870, James, born about 1873, Lewis, born about 1875, and Talitha Cecile, born February 2, 1879.
Telitha Cecile married James Henderson Bobbitt.
Their daughter was Pauline Bobbitt Hansen, my mother.
The lineage of Arlene Hansen...
William Bobbitt & Joanna Sturdivant - VA
William Bobbitt & Mary Green - VA
James Bobbitt & Elizabeth Dalton Bennett - VA
Captain William Bobbitt & Elizabeth McKenzie - VA
James Levi Bobbitt & Rebecca Day - VA to KY
James L. Bobbitt Jr. & Jane Hubble - Pulaski Co KY
William Levi Bobbitt & Alice Jane McHargue - Pulaski Co KY
James Henderson Bobbitt & Talitha Cecil Greene - Pulaski Co KY
Alice Pauline Bobbitt & Richard Hansen - Weston Co WY
Arlene Hansen (me)